By Patricia Kennett
The present context of social coverage is one within which the various previous certainties of the earlier were eroded. The predominantly inward-looking, household preoccupation of social coverage has made approach for a extra built-in, overseas and outward method of research which appears past the bounds of the nation. it's during this context that this instruction manual brings jointly the paintings of key commentators within the box of comparative research to be able to offer accomplished insurance of up to date debates and matters in cross-national social coverage examine. Organised round 5 topics, this outstanding quantity explores the contextual, conceptual, analytical and processual points of project comparative social study. within the first half, the authors are eager about de-centring the kingdom and lengthening the epistemological framework by which cross-national research is explored. In components II and III, the point of interest is at the conceptual and theoretical frameworks for analysing social coverage cross-nationally, whereas half IV examines the day by day fact of getting ready for and undertaking cross-national research. within the ultimate part, the authors spotlight carrying on with and rising topics and concerns that are of specific relevance to figuring out the modern social international. foreign in scope, this authoritative guide offers unique leading edge learn from top experts and may turn into an imperative resource of reference for an individual drawn to comparative social examine. it's going to additionally end up a useful examine relief for undergraduate and postgraduate scholars from a number of disciplines together with social coverage, sociology, politics, city reviews and public coverage.
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Extra info for A handbook of comparative social policy
Material conditions comprise more than the class position of the individual, while social identities and subjectivities are not constituted in relation to public roles and activities alone. Ling and Bell argue that IPE is curiously silent on issues of race, gender and culture, since it subsumes all identities under generalized labels such as producers and consumers, workers and investors. Such an approach offers little by way of insight into how different subjectivities are constructed, sustained and mobilized and is particularly damaging to those denied their own subjectivity and agency (Ling and Bell, 1998).
Ling and Bell argue that IPE is curiously silent on issues of race, gender and culture, since it subsumes all identities under generalized labels such as producers and consumers, workers and investors. Such an approach offers little by way of insight into how different subjectivities are constructed, sustained and mobilized and is particularly damaging to those denied their own subjectivity and agency (Ling and Bell, 1998). Gender relations are often held to be deeply embedded in social institutions and everyday practices and so are resistant to change, but gender relations are not locked into the realm of the cultural or private.
Women’s citizenship came to be mediated through the patriarchal family structure; their ‘duty’ primarily one of bearing and raising children (Crompton, 1997: 65). While there were differences between countries, generally Western economies were characterized by social security provision based on the notion of a ‘national minimum standard of life’ and paid for by full employment and relatively high levels of taxation and social insurance. The male breadwinner was the major source of income guarantee and maintenance, while Fordism helped to reproduce the male wage earner/female homemaker mode of social organization (Mishra, 1996).