By Witold Gombrowicz
Witold Gombrowicz (1904-1969), novelist, essayist, and playwright, was once probably the most very important Polish writers of the 20th century. A candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1968, he was once defined via Milan Kundera as “one of the nice novelists of our century” and by means of John Updike as “one of the profoundest of the past due moderns.”
Gombrowicz’s works have been thought of scandalous and subversive by way of the ruling powers in Poland and have been banned for almost 40 years. He spent his final years in France educating philosophy; this booklet is a sequence of reflections according to his lectures.
Gombrowicz discusses Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Sartre, and Heidegger in six “one-hour” essays and addresses Marxism in a shorter “fifteen-minute” piece. The text—a small literary gem filled with sardonic wit, magnificent insights, and provocative criticism—constructs the philosophical lineage of his work.
Witold Gombrowicz is the writer of Ferdydurke, Trans-Atlantyk, Pornografia, and Cosmos, the 1st on hand from Yale collage Press. those, with his performs and the three-volume Diary, were translated into greater than thirty languages.
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Additional resources for A Guide to Philosophy in Six Hours and Fifteen Minutes
The State is the reality of the moral idea. ) This horrible sentence shows the most profound sense of the Hegelian idea, which can be expressed in the following very superﬁcial way: for earlier philosophy, man was subject to a moral law instituted by God or, as in Kant, subject to a moral imperative. In other words, man functions but the law already exists. But in Hegel, everything moves. In advancing, man crafts his own law, and there is no ﬁxed law beyond that which is constituted by the dialectical process.
No philosophical system lasts for very long. But for me, philosophy has 25 witold gombrowicz the supreme value of organizing the world in a vision. For example, there are the extremely grandiose Kantian and Hegelian universes, there is also Nietzsche’s, and it is there where Schopenhauer is important. Let us move from this vision of Schopenhauer to the Schopenhauerian world. This is the ﬁrst time that philosophy touches life. What is the will to live for Schopenhauer? He himself says that he uses these words because nothing better comes to mind.
Aristotle, this is classiﬁcation, order, the objective world. Man considered as object, animal. Marx. For Marx, man is object. [Witold disagrees]. The artist must be in the subjective. Read Kant’s biography by Thomas de Quincey. 23 witold gombrowicz Fourth Lesson Thursday, May 1, 1969 Schopenhauer After Kant, there is a line of thought which could be outlined as follows: Fichte Schelling German Idealism Hegel “Idealism” why? Because it is subjective philosophy which is concerned with ideas. Kant had two successors (curious thing) of two different types: Schopenhauer Nietzsche Arthur Schopenhauer (19th century).